By: Jennifer LaMontagne – Horticulturist – Bloch’s Farm – Green Lake, WI
Beans, by and large one of the most frequently grown garden vegetables, have been a part of the human diet for more than a thousand years. Beans are eaten in many different ways, including fresh, frozen, canned, and cooked in casseroles or as side dishes. The first beans were grown in Central and South America often as companion crops planted along with corn.
There are many varieties of specialty beans, ranging in flavors, pod shapes and colors, but the two most common groups are bush beans and pole beans. To celebrate the tasty crunchiness of these beans, the year 2021 has been designated as the Year of the Garden Bean by the National Garden Bureau. Will you be planting beans this year?
It’s best to plant beans once temperatures have warmed up considerably, because beans are a warm-weather crop. They don’t do well in cool, wet soils. Beans need at least 8 hours of daily sun, well-drained soil, and regular watering. With their shallow roots, caution should be used when weeding to prevent damage to their root system. Mulching around the plant will help increase quality harvests. Beans are fast growers and can usually be harvested 50 to 60 days after planting.
Bush beans are a compact sized plant. Growing up to 24 inches tall, they work well in small gardens or containers. Bush beans will usually produce for about 3 weeks. A single plant will produce a large crop at first, with a smaller crop produced a few weeks later. Therefore, if planted a few weeks in succession, the bush beans will produce continued harvests throughout the season.
Pole beans vine up trellises or other vertical frames. With adequate support, they can be grown in containers as well. Pole beans take longer to grow than bush beans but are often tastier and provide a continuous yield for about 6 to 8 weeks. Frequent harvesting can increase their bean production. They also work well in companion plantings with corn and squash.
Bloch’s Farm is open 7 days a week from 8 am to 6 pm. We have a huge selection of vegetables, herbs, trees, shrubs, annuals, and perennials! Stop in today and our knowledgeable staff will be happy to help you! Feel free to call 920-294-6000 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions. Don’t forget to visit our website online at www.blochsfarm.com and follow us on Facebook and Instagram.